登录 | 注册 | 忘记密码 | 设为首页 | 加入收藏凤凰教育网
关闭用户登录
  •  
  • 中考英语:如何写好英语作文?
  • 作者: 来源: 时间:2013-3-11 14:58:18 阅读次 【
  • 一、怎样写好文章的开头

    开头是作文在阅卷老师面前的第一次亮相,它将决定你所写的文章在阅卷老师心中所留下的第一印象。如果第一印象好,就意味着有了良好的开端,也就成功了一半。Good beginning is half done,我们该怎样一提起笔就让自己成功一半呢?

     

    (一)“开门见山”式开头

    一般来说,文章的开头应尽量做到“开门见山”,即要用简单明了的语言引出文章的话题,使人一开始就能了解文章要说明的内容。

      1. 对于叙事类的文章,可以在开头把人物、时间、事件和环境交代清楚。如“A Trip to Huangshan(黄山之旅)”的开头可以是:Last month, my family went to Huangshan by train. It took us ten hours to get there. What a long and tiring journey! We were tired but the beautiful scenery excited us.

      2. 对于论述性的文章,可以在开头处先阐明自己的观点,接着展开进一步的论述。如“The Time and the Money(时间和金钱)” 的开头可以是:Most people say that money is more important than time. But I don’t think so. First, when money is used up, you can earn it back, but……

     

    (二)回忆性开头

    在描述事件或游记类的文章中,采用回忆性的开头往往更能吸引人的眼球。这种类型的开头中通常含有描述自己心情或情绪的词汇,如never forget (永远无法忘记), remember (记得),unforgettable (难以忘怀的), exciting(令人激动的),surprising(令人惊讶的), sad (难过的)……如“A Trip to Huangshan(黄山之旅)”的开头还以这样写:I will never forget my first trip to Huangshan. 或It was really an unforgettable experience I had.

     

    (三)疑问性开头

    在叙事类或论述性的文章中,都可采用疑问型开头,这样既可以吸引阅卷者的注意又容易抓住中心。如“Planting Trees(种树)”的开头可以是:Have you ever planted trees? Don’t you think planting trees is ……

    再如“Traveling Abroad(出国之旅)”的开头可以是:If you have an opportunity to travel abroad, why not consider Singapore?

     

    (四)倒叙式开头

    在有的文章,特别是叙事类的文章中,可以采用倒叙的写作手法,先写出事件的结果,再陈述过程。如“Catching Thieves (捉贼)”的开头可以这样写:I lay in bed in the hospital. I smiled at my friends even though my legs hurt. Do you want to know what happened to me? Let me tell you. It’s a … story.

     

    二、怎样写好正文

    (一).在整篇文章中,避免只使用一两个句式,要灵活运用诸如倒装句、强调句、主从复合句、分词状语等。

    ①强调句

    [原文]my parents praised ah fu warmly. it had saved my little sister bravely.

    [修正]my parents praised ah fu warmly. it was our brave ah fu who had saved my little sister

    bravely.

    ②由what等引导的从句,此处的what相当于中文的“所……”,有很大的概括力,如:

    [原文]we had to stand there to catch the offender.

    [修正]what we had to do was (to) stand there, trying to catch the offender.

    what china has achieved in recent years is known through the world.

    china is no longer what it used to be.

    ③由with或without引导的短语。如:

    he sat in a chair with a newspaper in the hand.

    ④分词短语。如:

    satisfied with the result, he decided to go on with a new experiment.

    ⑤倒装句。如:

    only in this way can we achieve our goal.

    never before have i seen such a wonderful film.

    ⑥省略句。如:

    if so, victory will be ours.

    you can make some changes wherever necessary.

    ⑦对比,这是中文中也常用的方法。如:

    failure is not a crime, but failure to learn from failure is.

    when i play, i feel excited, and after it i feel relaxed.

     

    (二).通过分句和合句,增强句子的连贯性和表现力。

    [原文]he stopped us half an hour ago. he made us catch the next offender.

    [修正]he stopped us half an hour ago and made us catch the next offender.

    [原文]we had a short rest. then we began to play happily. we sang and danced.

    some told stories. some played chess.

    [修正]after a short rest, we had great fun singing and dancing,telling jokes and playing chess.

     

    (三).学会使用过渡词。如:

    ①递进: then(然后), besides(还有), furthermore(而且), moreover(此外)等。

    ②转折: however(然而), but(但是), on the country(相反), after all(毕竟)等。

    ③总结: finally(最后), at last(最后), in brief(总之), in conclusion(最后)等。

    ④强调: indeed(确实), certainly(一定), surely(确定), above all(尤其)等。

    ⑤对比: in the same way(同样地), just as(正如), on the one hand…on the other hand(一方面……另一方面……)等。

     

    (四).注意使用不同长度的句子。

    (五).对于“较复杂的词汇”,可以从以下几个方面着手。

    ①.注意使用词组、习语来代替一些单词,以增加文采。如:

    [原文]a new railway is being built in my hometown.

    [修正]a new railway is under construction in my hometown.

    ②.使用一些很有“洋味”的单词。如:

    thank you for sharing the time with us.

    the way he views the world is very practical.

    ③.避免重复使用某一单词或短语。如:

    [原文]i like reading while my brother likes watching television.

    [修正]i like reading while my brother enjoys watching television.

     

    三、怎样写好文章的结尾

    文章的结尾没有固定的模式,同学们可以根据表达主题的需要灵活创造。一般情况下,记叙文和说明文经常采用自然结尾的方法;但夹叙夹议和发表观点类的文章则往往有结束语,以使文章首尾呼应,结构完整。文章结尾的形式也因文章类别和开头的风格而灵活多

    (一)自然结尾,点明主题

    随着文章的结束,文章自然而然地结尾。如“Helping the Policeman(帮助警察)”的结尾可以是:The two children were praised by the police and they felt happy.

    再如“The Tortoise aand the Hare(龟兔赛跑)” 的结尾可以是:When the hare got to the tree, the tortoise had already been there。

    (二)首尾呼应,升华主题

    在文章的结尾可以用含义较深的话点明主题,深化主题,起到“画龙点睛”的效果。如“I Love My Hometown(我爱家乡)”的结尾可以是:I love my hometown, and I am proud of it.

    (三)反问结尾,引起深思

    这种方式的结尾虽然形式是问句,但意义却是肯定的,而且具有一定的强调作用,可引起他人的深思。如 “Learning English can Give us a Lot of Pleasure (学英语能为我们带来许多乐趣)” 的结尾可以是:If we learn English well, we can …Don’t you think learning English is great fun?

    (四)表达祝愿,阐述愿望

    这种方式的结尾常出现在书信或演讲稿的文体中,表示对他人的祝福或对将来的展望等。如“A Letter to the Farmers(给农民们的一封信)”的结尾可以是:I hope the farmers’ life will be better and better.

    另外,书信的结尾常有以下形式的祝福语:Best wishes;I wish you a merry Christmas and a happy new year;I wish you have a good time等。

  • 返回顶部】 【关闭】 【打印
  相关文章
  • 暂无相关文章
  • 登录 现在有0人对本文发表评论 查看全部评论
  • 请您文明上网、理性发言并遵守相关规定
关于我们 | 帮助中心 | 友情链接 | 人才招聘 | 联系我们
Copyright © 2009 fhedu.cn Corporation,All Rights Reserved
江苏凤凰数字传媒有限公司 版权所有
网站地址:南京市湖南路1号B座808室 经营许可证编号:苏B2-20100219
Mail:admin@fhedu.cn 最佳分辨率1024X768 苏ICP备10051783号-1
电话:025-83657840